If you are someone who has grown up tending to indoor plants or house gardens, you might already be aware of Dracaena plants. Dracaenas are very common houseplants as they are easy to maintain and are aesthetically pleasing to the eyes. They are easy to grow as well. There are only a few problems that affect the plant, out of which the appearance of brown or yellow leaves is a common phenomenon. The reasons for this appearance may vary according to the situation, climate, culture, or external factors such as pest issues.
Why do Dracaena leaves turn yellow or brown?
The color of leaves in houseplants happens from time to time. The cause of browning Dracaena leaves could be a variety of factors. Temperatures of 70 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit (21-26 degrees Celsius) are ideal for these tropical plants, although cooler temperatures might cause leaf browning. But other than temperature, the more prolific cause of browning leaves in Dracaena is due to the type and the amount of water you use for the houseplant.
Excess fluoride is particularly toxic to dracaenas. Fluoride is added to drinking water in some localities that can result in levels that are far greater than the optimum amount for Dracaena. As the toxicity builds up in the soil, it can cause yellowing of the leaf tips and margins, which advances to brown as the toxicity builds up.
Fluoride toxicity can also be caused by perlite-based potting soils or superphosphate fertilizers. Use a balanced liquid fertilizer and non-fluoridated water instead of potting soils with tiny little white pellets. Leaf damage can also be avoided by flushing the soil to eliminate excess fertilizer salts.
Low humidity could be the reason for a Dracaena with brown leaves if your water isn’t fluoridated and your soil is perlite-free. Dracaena is a tropical plant that requires plenty of rainfall and warm temperatures to thrive. Brown tips emerge on the plant when the humidity is low.
How do I prevent this?
There are several ways to take care of your dracaena and prevent the yellowing or browning of leaves. We have compiled a few important factors to note while doing the same:
1. Avoid over-watering: Water the Dracaena every 2-4 weeks during the growing seasons, spring and summer, depending on the soil moisture levels. Water the Dracaena every four weeks during the slower months. When you’re done, make sure the earth is totally dry. Dracaenas require very little water, and too much water might be damaging. So, when watering the Dracaena, make sure the soil is completely dry between watering. When you do water them, make sure you do so adequately. Make sure, however, that no surplus water remains in the pot. In this case, a pot with draining holes would be great, but if you don’t have one, simply water it less.
2. Avoid direct sunlight: If you don’t have a lot of light in your home, this plant will be ideal for you. Because the Dracaena can’t be in direct sunlight, select a shady but bright location. However, during winter you can put the plant in direct sunlight and it won’t cause any burn spots. Keep rotating your plant frequently to make sure that it grows straight.
3. Choose the right soil: Dracaenas are plants that prefer to be dry. Because they’re susceptible to overwatering, it’s critical to choose soil that drains effectively. Too much water in the soil might hurt the plant and create root rot. A Dracaena thrives on a mix of succulent soil.
4. Choose the right fertilizer: Dracaenas are slow-growing plants that grow slowly in both the summer and winter. As a result, they only require a small amount of fertilizer. If you do decide to use fertilizer, it’s best to do so every 6-8 weeks. In this manner, you’re not donating too much but yet contributing to its improvement.
5. Re-soiling: This plant should be repotted into a larger pot every 2-3 years. That’s how slowly they develop. Check to see if it’s still loose enough for the plant to thrive. If the soil has become overly compacted, adding some new dirt is a fantastic option.
6. Check propagation: Simply cut the stem approximately 3 inches beneath the leaves at the top and replant it in the soil. Although the plants grow slowly, you can swiftly multiply them by propagating them.
When it comes to low-maintenance plants, Queen Dracaena wears the crown with pride. It takes a little TLC to reverse its deteriorating health in a jiffy. Don’t let the tiny plant problems intimidate you. Just follow our expert tips religiously and infuse your dracaena with a fresh burst of life.